Introduction to PSI Programming Teaching
The PSI Keller programming method is a learning technique in which materials are programmed into a variety of items for students to study on their own. Students progress through the teaching materials from the simple to the complex and from the shallow to the deep, as if climbing a ladder.
Progressing level by level and gradually approaching the pre-determined learning goal. Students can immediately check the results while learning, which can improve the learning effect. The teaching machines and computer-aided instruction we’ve seen are all based on the programming teaching principle.
The PSI Program learning material utilizes a method of gradual progression. The sequence, content selection, and guidance methods are organized among them, transforming the difficult into the simple, the simple to the deep, the teacher into an easy teacher, and the child into an easy learner. The PSI Keller teaching materials are a comprehensive set of teaching materials that covers everything.
PSI Programme takes a step-by-step approach so that each level’s progress is linked to the concepts and questions before and after. The learning materials are divided into many small sections, making it appropriate for children from kindergarten to primary school. Students can begin learning at any age because it employs self-study and self-practice, teaching students based on their aptitude. (Ideally, before the age of 7)
B.F.SKINNER - PSI Keller Programming Teaching Specialist
PSI Keller Programming Teaching Specialist — According to B.F.Skinner, the following are the characteristics of programming teaching:
- Teaching materials are organized into a series of programmes to facilitate appropriate learning.
- Students are able to respond automatically to the teaching materials that are presented to them.
- Students receive immediate feedback on whether or not their responses were correct.
- Students progress gradually through step-by-step units.
- The organization of the learning material provides the advantage of a correct response.
- Students progress toward their learning goals based on their level of understanding and learning pace.
Children who complete the PSI Programme develop five major abilities:
- To enhance students’ overall mathematical ability through the balanced development of numeracy skills and conceptual understanding.
- To enhance students’ ability to truly solve problems by cultivating creative thinking and independent thinking.
- Students can develop a self-directed, independent, and positive learning attitude through the self-study teaching approach.
- Allow the children to develop their curiosity and self-esteem through the constant challenge of novelty and exploration of unknown teaching materials.
- Allow the children to learn and enjoy the process of learning through repeated contact.
Similarities and Differences Between Individualized Teaching and Group Teaching
PSI Individualized Teaching
✅ Conducted in a mixed age setting
✅ Limited learning features
✅ Students learn independently, teachers provide individual guidance, and teach students in accordance with their aptitude
✅ Teachers are environment preparers, observers of learning, and facilitators
✅ Excellent results
- Develop an attitude of self-directed learning
- Like to challenge new, unknown areas
- Overall improvement, focus on the ability
- Be assertive and use “I think” as the standard of judgment
Traditional Group Teaching
❎ Same age and same progress
❎ Time-limited study
❎ Classroom group teaching
❎ The teacher is the imparter, the indoctrinator
❎ Ineffective results
- Get used to passive listening
- Unwilling to challenge new problems
- Cope with exams, focus on grades
- Less assertive, with “teacher said” as the standard of judgment